Types of Rugs

Most important thing to know about a rug is how it is made and what material is used.

Rugberry wants to shed some light on how the different types of rugs are produced with pros and cons regarding the respective constructions. Choosing a right rug for decoration as per your interior and taste will be simpler once you are aware of the different techniques.

We hope this will give you more insight when it comes to choosing a rug that is right for you.

Lets begin!

Hand Knotted Rugs:

Hand-knotted rugs are truly a piece of art that requires highly skilled weavers, patience to weave and incredible creativity. A Hand knotted rug is extremely durable and lasts for 300-400 years. It is the oldest technique in rug making and rug making is the second oldest profession in the world, that makes it quite intriguing.  Hand knotted rugs have been used in king’s palaces and forts and were considered to be art and status symbols.

They take the longest time to produce, for perspective, a high quality intricate hand knotted rug would take a weaver 7-8 months to complete. In a recent auction on 5th June 2013, a 17th century Persian carpet was auctioned in New York and was sold for $33.8 Million!!


Loom is on a wooden frame with vertical cotton warps which forms as a skeleton of the rug.

Care-Rugberry-1Hand knotted rugs are created by tying individual knots around the warp threads of a woven base. Knot by knot, row by row.

Care-Rugberry-3Care-Rugberry-4The number of knots per square inch (referred to as knot count or density) is also an indication of the quality of the rug


There are different knots as per the regions it was made in during the past


Symmetrical (Turkish or Ghiorde) Knot.
Used in: Turkey, Caucasus and Northern Iran


Asymmetrical (Persian or Senneh) Knot.
Used in: Iran, India, Turkey, Egypt and China

Due to the cost and lead-time, a hand-knotted rug is one of a kind and is usually a collector’s item, purchased for exclusivity as an art that will be used for decades to come.


Hand-Tufted Rugs:

It’s faster and it’s economical. Raw material is injected on a canvas from back of the rug, which makes the pile on the other side. Tufting gun is used to pierce through the canvas.

Care-Rugberry-11Care Rugberry

The construction can be made from wool, silk or synthetic fibers. Hand tufting is a sough after technique of making area rugs because it has the richness and quality of a hand made rug while not too costly and time consuming as a Hand Knotted rug. It is the most common and used handmade technique in rugs.

Handmade Flat Weave Rugs:

Flat weave rugs are also handmade on a loom but the difference is they don’t have pile. Due to this construction there is a unique feel and look to the rug in respect to pile rugs of Hand-tufted and Hand Knotted. These rugs are also reversible due to no particular face of the rug.


Machine-made rugs:

Machine made rugs are simply rugs made on machine. As technology advances, the fineness and appearance of Machine rugs are quite similar to handmade rugs. Production is substantially quicker than a handmade rug due to which availability of various sizes is easily available providing more flexibility without long lead times. Materials used are normally synthetic fibers or wool. Synthetic material machine made rugs are economical, however, they are not durable and naturally they lack richness, quality and texture that handmade rugs have.




Hand Knotted

Hand Tufted

Flat Weave

Machine Made

Lead time6-8 Months2-3 Weeks2-3 Weeks2 Days
People involved15-2010-1210-122
BackingKnots visibleCotton CanvasReversibleKnots visible
Materials UsedWool and SilkWool, Silk and PolyesterWool, Silk and polyesterSynthetic fibers- Polyester, Acrylic
Durability300-400 years10-15 years7-8 years1-2 years

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